can affect one tooth or many teeth. It begins when the bacteria in plaque
(the sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth) causes the
gums to become inflamed. If you have been told you have periodontal (gum)
disease, you’re not alone. An estimated 80 percent of American adults
currently have some form of the disease.

•Causes of Periodontal Disease
The main cause of periodontal disease is bacterial plaque, a sticky,
colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth. However, factors like the
following also affect the health of your gums:.

•Smoking/Tobacco Use
Tobacco use is linked with many serious illnesses such as cancer, lung disease, and heart disease, as well as numerous other health problems. What you may not know is that tobacco users also are also at increased
risk for periodontal disease. In fact, recent studies have shown that
tobacco use may be one of the most significant risk factors in the
development and progression of periodontal disease, says a cosmetic

Research proves that up to 30% of the population may be genetically
susceptible to gum disease. Despite aggressive oral care habits, these
people may be six times more likely than others to develop periodontal
disease than the rest of the population.

As a woman, you know that your health needs are unique. You know that
brushing and flossing daily, a healthy diet, and regular exercise are all
important to help you stay in shape says a cosmetic dentist. You also
know that at specific times in your life, you need to take extra care of
yourself. Times when you mature and change, for example, during
puberty or menopause, and times when you have special health needs,
such as during menstruation or pregnancy. During these particular times,
your body experiences hormonal changes. These changes can affect
many of the tissues in your body, including your gums.

As you probably already know, stress is linked to many serious conditions
such as hypertension, cancer, and numerous other health problems. What
you may not know is that stress also is a risk factor for periodontal disease.
Research demonstrates that stress can make it more difficult for the body
to fight off infection, including periodontal diseases.

Some drugs, such as oral contraceptives, anti-depressants, and certain
heart medicines, can affect your oral health. You should notify your
dentist of any and all medicines you are taking and any changes in
your overall health after you started taking the medicine.

Has anyone ever told you that you grind your teeth at night? Is your jaw
sore from clenching your teeth when you’re taking a test or solving a
problem at work? Clenching or grinding your teeth can put excess force
on the supporting tissues of the teeth and could speed up the rate at which
these periodontal tissues are destroyed.

Diabetes is a disease that causes altered levels of sugar in the blood.
Diabetes develops from either a deficiency in insulin production
(a hormone that is the key component in the body’s ability to use blood sugars) or the body’s inability to use insulin correctly. According to the American Diabetes Association, approximately 16 million Americans have diabetes; however, more than half have not been diagnosed with this disease.
If you are diabetic, you are at higher risk for developing infections,
including periodontal diseases.
These infections can impair the ability to process and/or utilize insulin, which may cause your diabetes to be more difficult to control and your infection to be more severe than that of a non-diabetic.

A diet low in important nutrients can compromise the body’s immune
system and make it harder for the body to fight off infection. Because
periodontal disease is a serious infection, poor nutrition can worsen the
condition of your gum.


Dental Group

4701 Randolph Rd. #115
Rockville, MD 20852

Randolph Medical Center